文章摘要
芮 蓉,姜柏生.我国部分地区居民对艾滋病知晓情况及影响因素的调查[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2013,(5):411~415
我国部分地区居民对艾滋病知晓情况及影响因素的调查
A survey on the knowledge status of AIDS and its influence factors among residents in parts of China
投稿时间:2013-05-27  
DOI:doi:10.7655/NYDXBSS20130507
中文关键词: 艾滋病  知晓率  危险因素  Logistic回归
英文关键词: AIDS  awareness rate  risk factors  logistic regression
基金项目:
作者单位
芮 蓉 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210029
江苏省计划生育宣传教育所,江苏 南京 210036 
姜柏生 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解我国部分地区居民对艾滋病(AIDS)基本知识的知晓情况及AIDS综合认知情况的影响因素,为防控AIDS提供依据?方法:采用多级抽样的方法确定研究对象,通过问卷调查获取资料,应用卡方检验比较居民对AIDS 基本知识的认知情况,通过Logistic回归研究AIDS综合认知情况的影响因素?结果:共调查2 291个家庭户,4 372人,调查对象年龄主要集中在33~44岁;34.13%的调查对象知晓AIDS窗口期;57.72%的调查对象知晓人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)感染者和AIDS患者的不同;对性传播和血
英文摘要:
      Objective:To learn about the knowledge status of AIDS and its influence factors among residents in parts of China,and to provide evidence to the prevention and control. Methods:Multi-stage sampling method was used to indentify the research objects,the information was obtained through questionnaires,then chi-squaretest and Logistic regression were used to get the differences on the knowledge status on AIDS and its influence factors. Results:In this survey,a total of 4 372 valid questionnaires(2 291 family households)were taken back,and the respondents aged mainly concentrated in 33 to 44 years. About 34.13% of the respondents knew the AIDS window period,57.72% could distinguish patients with HIV and AIDS. The awareness rates of sexual transmission route and the blood-borne transmission route were relatively high,which were 93.12% an 89.84% respectively,and the awareness rate of non-transmission route was low. The differences between the above were statistically significant. The factors influencing the knowledge on AIDS were:different provinces,migrant people,degree of education and watching TV frequently. Conclusion:The respondents lack of basic knowledge on AIDS and have little knowledge on the awareness and preventive measures. There are some differences in basic knowledge of AIDS between different provinces in China.
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