文章摘要
胡 月,陈家应,丁颖彤.乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力现状及需要量预测[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(1):6~10
乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力现状及需要量预测
Present situation and forecasting by needs-based approach of public health manpower in township health centers
投稿时间:2014-10-11  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150102
中文关键词: 乡镇卫生院  公共卫生人力  卫生服务需要法
英文关键词: township health centers  public health manpower  needs-based approach
基金项目:江苏高校哲学社会科学研究基金资助项目“乡镇卫生院功能定位和公共卫生服务运行研究”(2014SJB155),南京医科大学哲学社会科学发展专项项目“乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力资源配置研究”(2013NJZS04)
作者单位
胡 月 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
陈家应 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
丁颖彤 瑞典卡罗林斯卡学院公共卫生科学系,瑞典 斯德哥尔摩 17177 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力配置现状,对公共卫生人力资源的需要量进行合理预测?方法:通过自行设计的调查问卷,对江苏省高邮市所有21个乡镇卫生院的152名公共卫生人员进行询问调查,计算完成公共卫生服务的总工时和年人均有效工时?结果:乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力资源结构不合理?数量相对不足;按照卫生服务需要法预测结果为高邮市乡镇卫生院每万人需配备公共卫生服务人力2.71人?结论:加大乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力投入数量,加强公共卫生人力培训,优化人力结构?用卫生服务需要法对乡镇卫生院公共卫生人力预测的结果合理可信?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To know the present allocation and forecast the reasonable requirements of public health human resources in township health centers. Methods:The total man-hour of public health services and per capita man-hour could be calculated based on the inquiry of all the 152 public health manpower working in 21 township health centers in Gaoyou city of Jiangsu province with a self-made questionnaire. Results:The structure of public health manpower was unreasonable and the number of public health human resources was deficient in township health centers. We forecasted the number of professional public health manpower should be 170.53 to complete all public health service, which was corresponding to 2.71 per 10 000 people by needs-based approach. Conclusion:It is expected to increase the number of public health human resources, strengthen the training of them and optimize the structure of public health manpower. The predicted results are reasonable and credible.
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