文章摘要
张 丽.农村老年人口健康水平及其分化研究——基于2011年CHARLS数据的实证分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(6):440~443
农村老年人口健康水平及其分化研究——基于2011年CHARLS数据的实证分析
Study of the rural elder’s health status and stratification: Based on the analysis of the data of CHARLS
投稿时间:2015-10-09  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150606
中文关键词: 农村老年人  人口老龄化  健康自评状况  日常生活自理能力
英文关键词: rural elder  aging of population  self-assessment of health  activities of daily living
基金项目:江苏省高校哲学社科基金项目“江苏省农村老年人口医疗服务利用研究:基于政策供给与需求的视角”(2014SJB176),国家中管局中医药政策研究项目(ZYYP-2015(6-8)),江苏省社科基金项目“福利多元视角下的社会服务支持体系研究”(14SHB001)
作者单位
张 丽 南京中医药大学经贸管理学院,江苏 南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解中国农村老年人口的健康现状及其群体内健康差异情况,为更好发展农村养老服务和健康政策提供建议?方法:基于“中国健康与养老追踪调查”(CHARLS)2011年全国基线调查数据,运用SPSS统计软件进行描述性分析和卡方检验,分析中国农村老年人口的健康水平及其分化现状?结果:超过30.0%的受访者健康自评结果为“不好或更差”,89.6%的受访者日常生活能够自理,78.0%的受访者能够独立进行社会活动?结论:中国农村老年人总体健康水平较差,农村老年人口内部健康分化明显,健康分层与社会分层基本吻合?当前针对农村老年人的社会政策应以整合养老服务政策与健康政策为基本导向?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To understand the rural elder’s health status and stratification, and to provide suggestions for further improvement of health policy and aging service policy in the country. Methods: Based on the data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2011, we performed the descriptive analysis by the SPSS and Chi-squared test, and analyzed the rural elder’s health status and stratification. Results: Above 30% respondents chose “bad or worse” in the self-assessment of health. 89.6% of the respondents were able to take care of themselves, and 78% of the respondents were able to carry out social activities independently. Conclusion: The rural elder’s total health status is not well. The health stratification is very obvious and keep pace with the result of social stratification. The social policy of the elder should be integrated with the policy of health and aging service.
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