文章摘要
管娟中,王丽丹,张冬梅.安徽省农村居民健康相关生命质量研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(5):349~353
安徽省农村居民健康相关生命质量研究
Research on health-related quality of life of rural residents in Anhui Province
投稿时间:2017-04-06  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20170501
中文关键词: 农村居民  健康相关生命质量  EQ-5D-5L量表  自评健康
英文关键词: rural residents  heath related quality of life  EQ-5D-5L  self-assessed health
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金项目“农村地区2型糖尿病Markov模型构建及相关干预策略经济学评价”(7143004);安徽医科大学博士项目资助(2017年)
作者单位
管娟中 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
王丽丹 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
张冬梅 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨安徽省农村居民生命质量及健康相关因素。方法:采用包含欧洲五维度健康评定量表( EQ-5D-5L 量表)在内的自行设计问卷,对农村居民进行问卷调查,分别测量样本人群在五个维度的分布和EQ-VAS自评得分,利用差异性检验和关联性分析,探讨不同人群特征和五个维度分布水平、EQ-VAS评分之间的关系。结果:安徽省农村居民生命质量的总体评价较好,EQ-VAS平均得分为(83.80±15.36)分,接近一半(49.7%)的受访者报告五个维度中没有问题,疼痛/不舒服存在问题的比例高达42.0%,其次是焦虑/抑郁21.2%。年龄、体力活动量和慢性病是影响农村居民生命质量的主要的影响因素,疼痛/不舒服和焦虑/抑郁是影响居民EQ-VAS自评健康得分的主要原因。结论:应关注农村居民的疼痛/不舒服和焦虑/抑郁问题,重点保护妇女、老年人和慢性病患者等人群的健康。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the quality of life and health-related factors of rural residents in Anhui Province. Methods: Rural residents were surveyed by a self-designed questionnaire containing the European Five-Dimensional Health Rating Scale(EQ-5D-5L). The distribution of the sample population in five dimensions and EQ-VAS were measured. The relationship between the characteristics of different population and the distribution of five dimensions, EQ-VAS score was explored by differential test and correlation analysis. Results: The overall evaluation of the quality of life of rural residents in Anhui Province was better. The average score of EQ-VAS was 83.80±15.36. Nearly half(49.7%) of the respondents reported that there was no problem in the five dimensions, and the proportion of pain/discomfort up to 42.0%, followed by anxiety/depression of 21.2%. Age, physical activity and chronic diseases were the main influencing factors affecting the quality of life of rural residents. Pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression were the main reasons for the impact of residents’EQ-VAS self-assessed health score. Conclusion: More attention should be paid on the health problems of rural residents such as pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression in female and old age population and people with chronic diseases.
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