文章摘要
秦小雲,孙荣穗,何 静,沙马补都,刘宇丹.南充市城区已婚育龄妇女二孩生育意愿研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(5):353~358
南充市城区已婚育龄妇女二孩生育意愿研究
Research on the two⁃childbirth expectation for the married and child⁃bearing age women in the urban area of Nanchong City
投稿时间:2018-07-24  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20180505
中文关键词: 全面二孩  育龄妇女  生育意愿
英文关键词: universal two⁃child  child⁃bearing age women  birth expectation
基金项目:南充市社会科学研究“十三五”规划2017年度项目“全面二孩政策下南充市已婚育龄妇女二孩生育意愿调查研究”(NC2017C013);川北医学院2016年校级科研发展计划项目“人群生育力风险评价模型研究”(CBY16-A-YB06)
作者单位
秦小雲 川北医学院预防医学系四川 南充 637100 
孙荣穗 川北医学院预防医学系四川 南充 637100 
何 静 川北医学院预防医学系四川 南充 637100 
沙马补都 川北医学院预防医学系四川 南充 637100 
刘宇丹 川北医学院预防医学系四川 南充 637100 
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中文摘要:
      2018年4—5月在四川省南充市城区采用便利抽样,以已婚且未育或已育一个小孩的育龄妇女为研究对象,采用自制匿名问卷,以面对面的形式收集资料,了解实施全面二孩政策后南充市育龄妇女的生育意愿,为南充市的人口研究提供参考依据。在213名调查对象中,56人(26.3%)有二孩生育意愿,140人(65.7%)无二孩生育意愿,17人(8.0%)不确定是否生育二孩。南充市被调查者的理想子女个数均值为1.46,意愿子女个数均值为1.27。不同文化程度( χ2=7.512)、配偶月收入(χ2=12.641)、理想子女数(χ2=66.401)、一孩性别(χ2=5.441)的育龄妇女间二孩生育意愿差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。Logistic回归分析显示,第一个孩子性别为女孩(OR=2.641,P=0.021)、丈夫月收入越高(OR=1.761,P=0.028)、理想子女数多于1个(OR=29.040,P<0.001)的育龄妇女更有意愿生育二孩。南充市城区二孩生育意愿处于较低水平,经济收入、理想子女数、一孩性别会影响育龄妇女的二孩生育意愿。全面二孩政策对于促进育龄妇女生育二孩的效应有限,应当建立相关的配套政策,以促进全面二孩政策的实施。
英文摘要:
      This study aimed to investigate the two?childbirth expectation for the married and child?bearing age women in Nanchong City under the universal two?child policy, in order to provide reference for the population studies in Nanchong City. The married and child?bearing age women in the city of Nanchong were selected by the convenience sampling, self?designed and anonymous questionnaire and face?to?face interview were used to collect data. Among the 213 interviewed subjects, a total of 56 women (26.3%) clearly wanted a second child, 140 (65.7%) had no intention of bearing a second kid. While 17 (8.0%) were temporarily unsure whether they want a second kid or not. Mean of ideal children number among investigated subjects was 1.46, while mean of willing children number was 1.27. There were significant differences (P<0.05) on the willingness of having a second child among objects with different education level (χ2=7.512), monthly income of spouse (χ2=12.641), ideal number of children (χ2=66.401) and gender of first child (χ2=5.441). Results of logistic regression showed that women whose first child was a girl (OR=2.641, P=0.021), whose spouse had high income (OR=1.761, P=0.028), and whose ideal children number was more than one (OR=29.040, P<0.001) were more willing to have second child. The two?childbirth expectation of the married and child?bearing age women in the urban area of Nanchong City is at a low level. Economic income, ideal number of children and the gender of first child have an effect on the two?childbirth expectation for the objects. Universal two?child policy has limited effect on promoting objects to have second child. Suitable policies should be established to promote the implementation of universal two?child policy.
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