文章摘要
熊 婷,徐 玲,张耀光,陈家应.我国城乡不同收入居民健康相关生命质量研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(5):368~371
我国城乡不同收入居民健康相关生命质量研究
Health⁃related quality of life of urban and rural residents under different income in China
投稿时间:2017-12-05  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20180508
中文关键词: 健康相关生命质量  欧洲五维度健康量表  城乡  收入
英文关键词: health⁃related quality of life  EQ⁃5D  urban and rural  income
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目 “中国居民健康相关生命质量评价研究”(71373183)
作者单位
熊 婷 南京医科大学医政学院 江苏 南京 211166 
徐 玲 国家卫生健康委员会统计信息中心 北京 100044 
张耀光 国家卫生健康委员会统计信息中心 北京 100044 
陈家应 南京医科大学医政学院 江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      采用欧洲五维度健康量表对不同收入城乡居民的健康状况进行测量,五维度存在中/重问题的比例随着收入的降低而增高,疼痛/不适是不同收入阶层在五维度方面的主要问题。无论在城市还是农村,低收入阶层在五个维度存在问题的比例均高于其他收入阶层。相同收入水平下,女性人群有健康问题的比例较男性高。收入阶层越低健康相关行为越差,农村居民的健康相关行为与城市居民相比较差。经济收入对居民健康有较大的影响,低收入阶层存在较多健康问题。政府应该完善健康保障制度,强化医疗救助政策,提高健康公平性。
英文摘要:
      This study sought to use EQ?5D to measure the health status of urban and rural residents under different income. Rates of problems in EQ?5D five dimensions increased with the decrease of income, pain/discomfort was a major problem. No matter urban or rural residents, low?income residents had higher rates of problems in EQ?5D five dimensions. The female met more health problems than the male at the same income?level. The healthy behavior became worse with the decrease of income and rural residents had worse health behaviors than the urban. Family income had a significant impact on people’s health. Low?income residents met more health problems. More attention should be paid on women. The government should improve health security system and strengthen medical assistance policy to improve health equity.
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