文章摘要
张梦冉,彭 婧,徐恒秋,俞平风.社区健康资源开发利用现况研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2019,(2):85~89
社区健康资源开发利用现况研究
A study on the development and utilization of community health resources
投稿时间:2018-10-14  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20190201
中文关键词: 社区资源  健康促进  疾病防治  定性研究
英文关键词: community resources  health promotion  disease control  qualitative research
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“基于社会生态学理论的社区健康资源开发利用评价量表设计”(71704004)
作者单位
张梦冉 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
彭 婧 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
徐恒秋 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
俞平风 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
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中文摘要:
      采用目的抽样法,分别对卫生计生委基层卫生处负责人、疾控中心慢性非传染病与健康教育中心负责人、社区卫生服务中心临床工作及公共卫生工作负责人、社区居委会负责人及社区卫生计生专干、社区居民进行个人深入访谈,了解社区健康资源开发利用现状。结果显示,社区健康资源的开发与利用有利于提高居民健康水平,且逐渐受到政府部门的重视。但当前存在配套政策不完善、专业人才短缺、居民被动参与、部门间缺乏合作等问题,影响了资源利用。应从完善社区政策、成立社区专业团队,构建评估指标体系三方面整合社区健康资源,提高资源利用率,从源头上改善居民健康水平。
英文摘要:
      The purposive sampling method is adopted, respectively for health and family planning commission, head of the grassroots health office, the centers for disease control and prevention of chronic non?communicable diseases and health education center, community health service center, head of the work of clinical and public health, family planning staffs, head of the community health. Community residents individual in?depth interview was conducted to understand the community health resources development and utilization status quo.The results show that the development and utilization of community health resources is conducive to improve the health level of residents, and has gradually drawn attention from government authorities. However, there are some problems remain presented, such as lack of proper supporting policies, shortage of professionals, passive participation of residents and lack of cooperation between departments, which all affect the utilization rate of resources. The community health resources should be integrated from three aspects: adjusting the community policy, setting up the community professional team, constructing the evaluation index system, improving the resource utilization rate, and improving the residents’ health level at the source.
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