文章摘要
叶泽菡,贺 雯.从偏见视角解读医患关系[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(1):61~65
从偏见视角解读医患关系
Interpreting the doctor⁃patient relationship from the perspective of prejudice
投稿时间:2019-06-17  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200113
中文关键词: 医患关系  偏见  刻板印象  期望差异  归因偏差
英文关键词: doctor⁃patient relationship  prejudice  stereotype  expectation discrepancy  attributional bias
基金项目:国家社会科学基金“医患关系的影响机制和干预策略研究”(17BSH093)
作者单位
叶泽菡 海师范大学教育学院 上海 200234 
贺 雯 海师范大学教育学院 上海 200234 
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中文摘要:
      偏见是个体以不正确或不充分的信息为依据,并对其他人形成先入为主的负性判断,泛化至群体中则会表现为人们对某群体产生片面或错误的认知。文章从消极刻板印象、期望差异与归因偏差这三个角度解释了医患群体产生偏见的心理机制,在此基础上讨论偏见对医患关系造成的消极影响,并结合社会现实提出减少医患双方偏见的方法。
英文摘要:
      Prejudice is the negative judgment formed by individuals who base on incorrect or insufficient information and preconceived opinions about others. Prejudice will make people have one?sided or wrong cognition about a group when it generalizes into a group. This study explains the psychological mechanism of doctor?patient prejudice from three perspectives of negative stereotype, expectation discrepancy and attribution bias, to discuss the negative influence of prejudice on doctor?patient relationship, suggesting some ways combining social reality to reduce the prejudice between doctors and patients.
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