文章摘要
张宇微,陈市耀,吕思源,朱 亚,石金楼.新冠肺炎疫情突发期政策制定的特征分析与效果评价——基于江苏省疾病预防控制中心的田野观察[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(5):407~411
新冠肺炎疫情突发期政策制定的特征分析与效果评价——基于江苏省疾病预防控制中心的田野观察
Analysis and evaluation of policy characteristics and effects in the outbreak period of COVID ⁃ 19 ——Based on field observation in Jiangsu CDC
投稿时间:2020-04-05  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200503
中文关键词: 新冠肺炎  政策制定  突发公共卫生事件应急处置  治理能力
英文关键词: COVID⁃19  policy formulation  emergency response to public health event  governance capacity
基金项目:江苏省哲学社会科学优秀创新团队建设项目“泰州医药高新技术产业开发区基本公共卫生服务现状调研及三年工作方案研究课题”(2019KF0109);江苏省社会科学基金一般项目“新常态下建立江苏产业技术协同创新体系的机制与对策”(17DDB005)
作者单位
张宇微 南京医科大学医政学院 江苏 南京 211166 
陈市耀 南京医科大学公共卫生学院江苏 南京 211166 
吕思源 南京医科大学公共卫生学院江苏 南京 211166 
朱 亚 南京医科大学医政学院健康江苏研究院 江苏 南京 211166 
石金楼 南京医科大学医政学院 江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      文章聚焦政策本身,采用在江苏省疾病预防控制中心进行田野观察的研究方法,收集新型冠状病毒肺炎(简称新冠肺炎)疫情突发期的政策并进行文本分析,主要讨论政策文本发布时间的分布态势、发布单位、发布形式和政策内容4个方面。研究发现,在新冠肺炎疫情突发期(2020年1月15日至1月31日)国家级和省级指导性文件数量锐增。以江苏省为例,省级政策发文单位单一、文本类型多为通知类,起到了应对突发公共卫生事件时的及时反馈、迅速应急以及布置指导的作用。政策发布主体联防联控的及时应对性以及对政策文本的长效性考虑上尚有欠缺。总结政策制定的规律、原则以及经验,提出公共卫生事件突发期的政策观念应从单一权威主义走向多元协作,政策导向应从“战”时应急转向“平战结合”,政策价值应从“短期”应急转向“常态化”指导。
英文摘要:
      This article focuses on the policy itself, collecting and analyzing policies during the outbreak period of COVID?19 in Jiangsu CDC by using field observation. The policy texts are analyzed mainly in 4 aspects of release time distribution, issuing unit, issuing form and policy content. It is found that the number of national and provincial guidance documents has increased sharply during the emergency period of COVID?19 between January 15 and 31. Taken Jiangsu Province for an example, the provincial policy issuing units are single, and the texts which are mostly “notice” type, which has indeed helped with the immediate feedback, rapid response and the guidance. While it also found that there has insufficient attention to the diversity of policy issuance and the long?term implementation. Summarizing the experience of the formulating policy and principle of policies, this article proposed that the policy concept of public health emergencies should be improved from single authoritarianism to multiple cooperation; policy orientation should be changed from“war emergency”to “peace and war combination”; policy value should be changed from “short?term” emergency to“normalization”guidance.
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