文章摘要
林巧明,,屈 昱.乙肝歧视消失了吗?——来自内外态度的双系统证据[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(5):429~433
乙肝歧视消失了吗?——来自内外态度的双系统证据
Does hepatitis B discrimination disappear?——The dual system evidences from internal and external attitudes
投稿时间:2020-02-20  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200507
中文关键词: 乙肝歧视  病毒携带者  外显态度  内隐态度
英文关键词: hepatitis B discrimination  virus carrier  explicit attitude  implicit attitude
基金项目:
作者单位
林巧明, 阳光学院人文与传播学院福建 福州 350015 
屈 昱 阳光学院人文与传播学院福建 福州 350015 
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中文摘要:
      调查大学生对乙肝病毒携带者的外显和内隐歧视态度,为当下乙肝防控工作提供实证依据。采取方便取样的方法,抽取福州市某高校210名在校大学生进行外显态度的问卷调查,并从中随机选取30名大学生使用内隐联想测验进行内隐态度的测量。结果显示,外显态度上有38.4%的人存在乙肝歧视,分别体现在标记(39.2%)、刻板印象(47.9%)、区分(40.1%)和歧视(26.4%)四个维度上,而内隐态度测验的D值为0.03,显示也存在乙肝歧视态度。由此可见大学生对乙肝病毒携带者的歧视未完全消失,他们对其最明显的刻板印象是卫生习惯不好,导致在亲密关系和生活空间上拒绝亲近,不过当下大学生对乙肝病毒携带者工作和学习权利的保障具有了普遍共识。
英文摘要:
      The article investigated the explicit and implicit discrimination of college students against hepatitis B virus carriers, to provide empirical evidence for the current prevention and control of hepatitis B. A convenient sampling method was adopted to conduct a questionnaire survey on explicit attitudes among 210 college students in a university in Fuzhou, and 30 college students were randomly selected to measure implicit attitudes with implicit association test. The results showed that 38.4% of the people had hepatitis B discrimination in explicit attitude, which was reflected in four dimensions: marking (39.2%), stereotyping (47.9%), differentiation (40.1%) and discrimination(26.4%), while the D value of implicit attitude test was 0.03, indicating that there has also hepatitis B discrimination attitude. It can be seen that the discrimination of college students against hepatitis B virus carriers has not completely disappeared. Their most obvious stereotype is that they have bad hygiene habits, which leads to their refusal to get close in intimate relationship and living space. However, there is a general consensus among college students on the protection of the right of hepatitis B virus carriers to work and study.
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