文章摘要
马婉贞,顾 平,葛炳辰.反刍思维对实习护理专业学生职业成熟度的影响[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(5):440~445
反刍思维对实习护理专业学生职业成熟度的影响
The effects of rumination on the career maturity of nursing interns
投稿时间:2020-02-10  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200509
中文关键词: 临床负性事件  反刍思维  职业成熟度  护理专业学生
英文关键词: clinical negative stress event  rumination  career maturity  nursing student
基金项目:“十三五”江苏省重点学科——南京医科大学护理学1011(苏教研〔2016〕9号)
作者单位
马婉贞 南京医科大学第一临床医学院江苏 南京 211166 
顾 平 南京医科大学护理学院 江苏 南京 211166 
葛炳辰 南京医科大学第一临床医学院江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      为了解实习护理专业学生(简称护生)的反刍思维及职业成熟度现状,发掘二者之间的相关性,研究采用分层便利抽样法于2018年6—12月在南京12所医院选取处于实习阶段的护理本科、高职(三年制)、高职(五年制)学生共868人为研究对象进行问卷调查。结果显示,临床实习护生的职业成熟度平均为(3.07±0.28)分,处于中等水平;反刍思维平均为(22.71±4.70)分,其中强迫思考[(12.05±2.58)分]高于反省深思[(10.67±2.48)分];护生的反刍思维水平与职业成熟度呈正相关。研究发现经历临床负性事件的护生多存在反刍思维,而反刍思维与护生的职业成熟度呈正相关,在临床实习带教中应注重学生的心理健康,对经历临床负性事件的护生多加引导,帮助其将强迫思考转化为反省深思,从而促进职业成熟度的提升。
英文摘要:
      This study aimed to explore the correlation between the rumination thinking and the status of career maturity in clinical practice nursing students. With the stratified convenient sampling method,868 nursing undergraduates, higher vocational (three?year) and higher vocational (five?year) students were selected from twelve hospitals in Nanjing from June to December 2018. The general data questionnaire, the career maturity inventory (CMI) and the ruminative response scale(RRS?10) were used. Results showed that the average level of occupational maturity of 868 clinical nursing students was 3.07±0.28, in the middle level; The average level of rumination was 22.71±4.70, among which brooding (12.05±2.58) was higher than reflective pondering (10.67±2.48); The rumination of nursing students was positively correlated with their career maturity. The nursing students in clinical practice mostly have rumination thinking which affect their career maturity. In the teaching of clinical practice, nurses should pay attention to students’ mental health, guide the students who have experienced negative clinical events actively and advantageously, help them to transform the forced thinking into introspective thinking, and then improve their career maturity level.
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