文章摘要
姚国章,薛新成,沈洪洲.江苏省突发公共卫生事件应急能力建设[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2021,(4):305~312
江苏省突发公共卫生事件应急能力建设
Study on improving the response capacity of public health emergencies of Jiangsu Province from the response to the COVID⁃19
投稿时间:2021-03-06  
DOI:doi:10.7655/NYDXBSS20210401
中文关键词: 突发公共卫生事件  卫生应急  应急能力  江苏省
英文关键词: public health emergencies  health emergency  response capacity  Jiangsu Province
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“信息生态链视角下面向公众的应急信息协同机制与优化策略研究”(71974102);江苏省社科应用研究精品工程“江苏提升突发公共卫生事件应急能力对策研究”(20SYB-149)
作者单位
姚国章 南京邮电大学管理学院江苏 南京 210003南京邮电大学数字经济研究所 江苏 南京 210003 
薛新成 南京邮电大学管理学院江苏 南京 210003南京邮电大学数字经济研究所 江苏 南京 210003 
沈洪洲 南京邮电大学管理学院江苏 南京 210003南京邮电大学数字经济研究所 江苏 南京 210003 
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中文摘要:
      新冠肺炎疫情的肆虐暴露出我国在突发公共卫生事件应对方面的诸多问题,包括疫情应急响应机制不够健全、疫情监测预警体系几近瘫痪、疫情应急信息系统缺失、防疫应急物资储备不足与管理滞后以及“平战结合”的医疗应急演练匮乏等。结合江苏省的实际发现,突发公共卫生事件应急指挥协调联动机制需要进一步加强,疫情监测预警机制需要不断完善,疫情应急信息共享机制需要取得零的突破,疫情应急物资管理供应保障机制亟须完善,以及疫情应急演练机制需要率先建立。为此提出建议如下:提高认识,加快形成提升突发公共卫生事件应急能力共识;从应急管理全过程健全全省突发公共卫生事件应急机制;建设江苏疫情监测预警系统,完善运行机制;建设江苏疫情应急信息系统,促进信息共享;部署建设重大疫情应急物资管理供应保障与信息系统;建立健全突发公共卫生事件应急演练的运行机制;拓宽思路创新卫生应急人才培养模式。
英文摘要:
      The spread of the COVID?19 had exposed many problems in China’s response to public health emergencies, including the lack of an emergency response mechanism, the near?paralysis of the epidemic monitoring and early warning system, the lack of an epidemic emergency information system, the insufficient stock of emergency supplies for epidemic prevention and the lagging management as well as the lack of medical emergency drills. Considering the status quo of Jiangsu Province,the authors found that the emergency command coordination linkage mechanism for public health emergencies should be further strengthened, the epidemic monitoring and early warning mechanism should be continuously improved, and the epidemic emergency information sharing mechanism should develop. The emergency material management and supply guarantee mechanism for the epidemic should to be improved urgently, and the emergency drill mechanism for public health emergencies should to be established first. To this end, the suggestions are as follows: raising awareness and speeding up the formation of consensus on improving the emergency response capabilities of public health emergencies; improving the province’s emergency response mechanism for public health emergencies from the entire emergency management process; building the Jiangsu epidemic monitoring and early warning system and improving its operating mechanism; designing epidemic emergency information system to promote information sharing; constructing an emergency material management,supply guarantee and information system for major epidemics; establishing and improving the operational mechanism of emergency drills for public health emergencies,and broadening ideas and innovating the training model of health emergency personnel.
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