文章摘要
蔡晓峰,胡建群,查月琴,过 云,练慧斌.滑车上动脉超声检查与解剖对照在皮瓣设计中的应用[J].南京医科大学学报,2008,28(12):1625~1628
滑车上动脉超声检查与解剖对照在皮瓣设计中的应用
Application in flap design with ultrasonography and anatomic evaluation of supratrochlear artery
投稿时间:2008-05-28  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 滑车上动脉  超声检查  解剖  皮瓣设计
英文关键词: supratrochlear artery  ultrasonography  anatomy  flap design
基金项目:
作者单位
蔡晓峰 苏州大学附属第一医院超声科,江苏 苏州 215006 
胡建群 南京医科大学第一附属医院超声科,江苏 南京 210029 
查月琴 苏州大学附属第一医院超声科,江苏 苏州 215006 
过 云 南京医科大学第一附属医院超声科,江苏 南京 210029 
练慧斌 南京医科大学第一附属医院超声科,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:研究滑车上动脉(STA)的超声检查和解剖学特征,以指导前额部皮瓣设计?方法:对15例正常受试者用彩色超声多普勒检测STA的外径?走行特征,对7具成人尸体进行STA的解剖学研究,记录其外径?走行方式及与软组织的层次关系?结果:15例正常受试者组的STA(30支)均能很好的显示,起点处的外径为(1.20 ± 0.17)mm,距前额正中线的距离为(1.40 ± 0.16)cm,发出后有26支向上内走行;7具尸体组STA(14支)有12支可正常显示,起点处的外径为(1.28 ± 0.22)mm,距前额正中线的距离为(1.33 ± 0.14)cm,发出后有10支向上内走行?2组间在统计学无明显差异(P > 0.05)?结论:STA的位置相对较为恒定,但也存在变异,超声检查能清晰显示其特征,可很好地指导前额部皮瓣的设计?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To study the character of supratrochlear artery(STA) with ultrasonography and anatomy and its application in designing forehead flap. Methods:A total of 30 STAs of 15 normal adults were detected by ultrasound and 12 STAs of 7 adult cadavers were dissected to study their calibers,courses and the relationship to the surrounding soft tissue. Results:Thirty STAs of normal adults and 12 STAs of cadaver controls were displayed well. The STA where it started in normal adults was(1.20 ± 0.17)mm in outer diameter and(1.40 ± 0.16)cm away from the midline of the face,and in adult cadaver controls was(1.28 ± 0.22)mm and(1.33 ± 0.14)cm. Twenty-six STAs in normal adults and 10 STAs in cadavers ascended inward. There was no statistial difference between the two groups(P > 0.05). Conclusion:The position of STA was permanent but some variation,which can be clearly displayed by ultrasonography. Ultrasonography is a good method to help design the forehead flap.
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