文章摘要
姚杏娟,郝〓超,徐〓辉,陈〓聪,张惠力,邓一玫.常州市手足口病相关危险因素流行病学调查[J].南京医科大学学报,2010,(9):1275~1278
常州市手足口病相关危险因素流行病学调查
In vestigation of the risk factors of hand-foot-mouth disease in Changzhou
投稿时间:2010-04-13  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 手足口病  病例-对照研究  危险因素
英文关键词: hand-foot-mouth disease  case-control study  risk factors
基金项目:常州市社会发展科技计划项目(CS20092020)
作者单位
姚杏娟 常州市疾病预防控制中心,江苏 常州〓213022 
郝〓超 常州市疾病预防控制中心,江苏 常州〓213022 
徐〓辉 常州市疾病预防控制中心,江苏 常州〓213022 
陈〓聪 常州市疾病预防控制中心,江苏 常州〓213022 
张惠力 常州市疾病预防控制中心,江苏 常州〓213022 
邓一玫 常州市疾病预防控制中心,江苏 常州〓213022 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨常州市人群发生手足口病(hand-foot-mouth disease,HFMD)的危险因素?方法:采用病例-对照研究方法,在常州市选择经临床明确诊断的108例手足口病患者和按年龄?性别频数匹配的108名对照,采用单因素分析和多因素Logistic回归分析,分析HFMD的主要危险因素?结果:单因素分析发现5个暴露因素与HFMD发生有关;多因素分析显示HFMD有2个主要危险因素和1个保护因素,分别是居住在农村 (0R=2.191,95%CI:1.174~4.088)?有饮用生水习惯(0R=2.441,95%CI:1.050~5.675)?幼儿饭前便后洗手(OR=0.505,95%CI:0.259~0.983)?结论:幼儿良好的环境卫生?家长及个人良好的卫生习惯是预防手足口病的重要因素,为今后健康宣传教育提供了重要的理论支持?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To investigate the risk factors of Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Changzhou. Methods:A case-control study involving interviews with 108 newly diagnosed HFMD cases and equal number of controls matching for age and sex were carried in Changzhou. Statistical analyses of single-factor and multivariate conditional logistic regression were performed to investigate the risk factors of HFMD. Results:By using single-factor analysis,5 exposure factors were identified as aetiological factors for HFMD. Multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed 2 main risk factors and 1 protective factor for HFMD. There were:living in rural areas with odds ratio (OR) 2.191 (95%CI:1.174~4.088),drinking unboiled water habit with OR 2.441 (95%CI:1.050~5.675),washing their hands before and after meals with OR 0.505 (95%CI:0.259~0.983). Conclusion:Good sanitation,family’s and individuals’ good health habit are important factors to prevent HFMD. This study provides an important theoretical support for future health propaganda and education of HFMD.
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