文章摘要
朱谦让,袁宝君,戴 月,孔媚兰,王 艳,吴高林,周翌婧.应用中国膳食平衡指数评价江苏地区居民膳食质量[J].南京医科大学学报,2013,(1):116~120
应用中国膳食平衡指数评价江苏地区居民膳食质量
Evaluation of diet quality of residents in Jiangsu province with china diet balance index
投稿时间:2012-10-08  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBNS20130126
中文关键词: 膳食平衡指数  膳食质量  膳食评价
英文关键词: dietary balance index  dietary quality  dietary evaluation
基金项目:中国健康与营养调查项目
作者单位
朱谦让 东南大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210009 
袁宝君 江苏省疾病预防控制中心食品安全评价所,江苏 南京 210009 
戴 月 江苏省疾病预防控制中心食品安全评价所,江苏 南京 210009 
孔媚兰 江苏省疾病预防控制中心食品安全评价所,江苏 南京 210009 
王 艳 东南大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210009 
吴高林 江苏省疾病预防控制中心食品安全评价所,江苏 南京 210009 
周翌婧 江苏省疾病预防控制中心食品安全评价所,江苏 南京 210009 
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中文摘要:
      目的:利用膳食平衡指数(DBI-07)综合评价江苏地区18~65岁居民的膳食质量,为开展营养干预提供依据。方法:选用2009年中国健康与营养调查中江苏地区954例18~65岁成年人完整的膳食调查资料以及个人基本情况,采用DBI-07评分方法评价江苏地区居民膳食质量水平。结果:江苏地区居民膳食质量整体处于低度失衡状态,摄入不足与摄入过量并存;男性摄入过量和不均衡程度高于女性,农村膳食摄入不足以及不均衡程度高于城市,40~49岁居民膳食失衡程度最高。结论:江苏地区居民摄入水果?奶豆类不足,而肉类?食用油?食盐摄入过量;居民主要膳食模式为B模式;男性?农村居民和40~49岁人群为主要干预对象;在宣传膳食指南和膳食宝塔的同时应对食用油?食盐摄入过量人群采取针对性的干预措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective:By using diet balance index (DBI-07),the diet structure and quality of resident in Jiangsu province have been evaluated. The findings can be used for nutritional intervention. Methods:The basic information of 954 residents aged 18-65 years who had completed 3 days dietary information were selected from 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. The quality of dietary was evaluated by using DBI-07 method. Results:The overall dietary quality of Jiangsu residents was somewhat imbalance. Insufficient intake and excessive intake were both coexisted in the residents of Jiangsu. Male had a higher level of excessive intake and imbalance than female. The situation of dietary deficiencies and imbalance of rural areas were more severe than those of the city. Group age from 40 to 50 has the highest level of dietary imbalances. Conclusion:For Jiangsu residents,intakes of fruits,milk and beans were insufficient,whereas red meat,edible oil and salt intake were excessive. Major dietary pattern of residents is the Pattern B. Three main target populations for intervention were male,rural residents and residents aged 40-50 years. Educations on dietary guidelines and food guide pagoda are needed. Meanwhile the implementations of dietary intervention regarding the populations excessive intake with salt and oil are recommended.
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