文章摘要
刘昱欣,高 润,周 波,赵玉男.针刺足三里对特警训练后恢复的效果[J].南京医科大学学报,2017,(12):1572~1576
针刺足三里对特警训练后恢复的效果
The effects of acupuncture at ST36 on recovery from training-related fatigue of SWAT trainees
投稿时间:2017-05-13  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBNS20171207
中文关键词: 运动  疲劳  恢复  针刺  特警
英文关键词: training fatigue  recovery  acupuncture  SWAT
基金项目:南京森林警察学院教学改革研究项目(JGYB201513);中央高校基本科研业务专项经费资助(LGYB201520);国家自然科学基金委青年基金(81303246)
作者单位
刘昱欣 南京森林警察学院特警学院,江苏 南京 210023 
高 润 南京医科大学附属脑科医院神经精神病学研究所江苏 南京 210029 
周 波 南京森林警察学院特警学院,江苏 南京 210023 
赵玉男 南京中医药大学医学与生命科学学院江苏 南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨针刺足三里对特定负荷下特警学员疲劳恢复的效果。方法: 招募筛选出131名特警学员,随机分5组:Sham针高心理预期组(n=26)、Sham针低心理预期组(n=26)、针刺高心理预期组(n=26)、针刺低心理预期组(n=26)和空白对照组(n=27)。借助瑞典Monark839E功率车进行逐级递增负荷运动试验,增加梯度15 W/min,直到力竭。测试运动及恢复过程中的心率(heart rate, HR)、氧耗量(oxygen volume, VO2 )、呼吸频率(respiratory rate, RR)、主观感觉疲劳等级(rating of perceived exercise, RPE )、收缩压(systolic blood pressure, SBP)和舒张压(diastolic blood pressure, DBP)。运动结束后6 min内由临床经验丰富的针刺医生对其进行Sham针刺或针刺,留针20 min。针刺穴位足三里,Sham针刺激位置是离开足三里1~2 cm的非经非穴位点。对照组自然休息恢复。按照针刺真假和心理预期高低两个因素进行ABC 3种对照,分别为:4个实验组vs.空白对照组、2个真针刺组vs.2个假针刺组、2个低心理预期组vs2个高心理预期组。比较3种对照中的两大组间产生的疲劳恢复效果相关指标水平的不同。结果: 除DBP外,HR、RPE、RR、VO2在3组对照中的双因素方差分析结果为P<0.05。结论: 针刺足三里可促进特警训练后疲劳恢复过程,结合高心理预期效果更佳。
英文摘要:
      Objective:This study aimed to investigate whether acupuncture at ST36 can make effects on the special weapons and tactics (SWAT) trainees’ recovery from special training load. Methods: We recruited 131 SWAT trainees, divided into 5 groups randomly, and then gave acupuncture or Sham needle, give positive language introduction or negative language introduction, thus form four experimental groups: Sham needle high expectations group(n=26), Sham needle low expectations group (n=26), acupuncture high expectations group(n=26), acupuncture low expectations group(n=26) , and we set blank control group (n=27). With the help of Swedish Monark839E power vehicle, progressive load motion test was carried out to increase the gradient 15 W/min until exhaustion.The heart rate(HR), oxygen volume (VO2), respiration rate(RR), rating of perceived exercise (RPE), systolic blood pressure(SBP)and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were tested during the training and recovery process. In the six minutes after the exercise, the experienced clinical acupuncture doctor performed Sham needle or acupuncture, leaving the needle for 20 minutes. The acupuncture point was ST36, the position of the Sham acupuncture point is to away from the non-meridian point 1~2 cm.The control group recovered naturally. According to the true or false of acupuncture and expectations of high or low, it formed ABC three contrasts: four experimental groups together versus blank control group, two acupuncture group together versus two sham needle group, the two lower expectations groups together versus two higher expectations.Compare the level of fatigue recovery of above contrasts. Results: The two-factor variance analysis in the three control groups on HR, RPE, RR, VO2 were showed statistical significance (P< 0.05) except SBP and DBP. Conclusion: Acupuncture has three and high psychological expectations to promote the movement fatigue recovery process.
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