文章摘要
李 楚,任雪洋,李 琳,厉小雪,金 永,张曼玲,刘晓蕊,熊 强,张立宁,王 盈,李荣凤,杨海元,冯书堂,戴一凡.GGTA1/β4GalNT2双基因敲除近交系五指山小型猪的建立[J].南京医科大学学报,2019,(6):835~840
GGTA1/β4GalNT2双基因敲除近交系五指山小型猪的建立
Generation of inbred Wuzhishan miniature pigs with GGTA1/β4GalNT2 double gene knockout
投稿时间:2018-09-07  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBNS20190609
中文关键词: 近交系五指山小型猪  GGTA1/β4GalNT2  CRISPR/Cas9  异种移植
英文关键词: Wuzhishan miniature inbred pigs  GGTA1/β4GalNT2  CRISPR/Cas9  xenotransplantation
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1103701)
作者单位
李 楚 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
任雪洋 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
李 琳 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
厉小雪 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
金 永 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
张曼玲 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
刘晓蕊 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
熊 强 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
张立宁 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
王 盈 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
李荣凤 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
杨海元 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
冯书堂 北京盖兰德生物科技有限公司北京 100010 
戴一凡 南京医科大学江苏省异种移植重点实验室江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:利用CRISPR/Cas9技术建立五指山小型猪近交系GGTA1/β4GalNT2双基因敲除克隆猪。方法:设计合成靶向猪GGTA1和β4GalNT2基因的单导向RNA(single guide RNA,sgRNA),以pX330质粒为骨架,分别构建GGTA1和β4GalNT2的Cas9打靶载体,转染至近交系五指山小型猪胎儿成纤维细胞(porcine fetal fibroblast,PFF)中,通过G418药物筛选和测序鉴定获得双基因敲除的单细胞克隆,然后利用体细胞克隆技术(somatic cell nuclear transfer,SCNT)获得双基因敲除的近交系五指山小型猪,并利用流式细胞技术检测克隆猪外周血单核细胞(peripheral blood mononuclear cell,PBMC)中αGal和Sd(a)抗原的表达。结果:成功构建GGTA1和β4GalNT2基因的Cas9/sgRNA表达载体,转染后获得双基因敲除的近交系五指山小型猪PFF细胞克隆 9个。SCNT成功获得了10只五指山小型猪近交系双基因敲除的克隆猪,其 PBMC无αGal和Sd(a)抗原的表达。结论:CRISPR/Cas9技术可以实现对猪GGTA1/β4GalNT2基因的编辑。本实验首次成功制备了GGTA1/β4GalNT2双基因敲除的近交系五指山型猪,为异种器官移植研究与应用提供了新的供体材料。
英文摘要:
      Objective:This study aims to build inbred Wuzhishan miniature pigs with GGTA1/β4GalNT2 double gene knockout by CRISPR/Cas9 mediated targeting. Methods: Single?guide RNAs(sgRNAs) specific for the pig GGTA1 and β4GalNT2 were designed and synthesized,then cloned into the pX330 plasmid containing a Cas9 skeleton,respectively. The resulting targeting vectors for GGTA1 and β4GalNT2 were transfected into the primary porcine fetal fibroblasts(PFFs) derived from Wuzhishan miniature inbred pigs. G418 drug screening and Sanger sequencing were used to identify the monoclonal cells with GGTA1/β4GalNT2 double gene knockout. Somatic cell nuclear transfer(SCNT) was employed to generate Wuzhishan miniature inbred pigs using the obtained colonies as donor cells. Flow cytometry analysis was conducted to examine the αGal and Sd(a) antigen expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cell(PBMC) of the cloned piglets. Results:Cas9/sgRNA expression vectors targeting pig GGTA1 and β4GalNT2 genes were successfully constructed. After transfection into PFFs,9 cell colonies were obtained with biallelic modifications in both GGTA1 and β4GalNT2 loci. Ten cloned piglets were produced by SCNT. The expression of αGal and Sd(a)antigens on these cloned knockout piglets was negative. Conclusion:The CRISPR/Cas9 system showed high efficiency in pig gene targeting. The GGTA1/β4GalNT2 double gene knockout inbred Wuzhishan miniature pigs were successfully produced in the present study,which could serve as newly ideal materials for xenotransplantation.
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