文章摘要
张慧敏,李月红,娄冬华.2019年上海市徐汇区中学生屈光不正程度的影响因素研究[J].南京医科大学学报,2021,(3):434~443
2019年上海市徐汇区中学生屈光不正程度的影响因素研究
Study on factors of ametropia of middle school students in Xuhui district,Shanghai in 2019
投稿时间:2020-04-13  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBNS20210323
中文关键词: 视力不良  屈光不正  饮食习惯  危险行为  中学生
英文关键词: poor vision  ametropia  dietary habits  risk behavior  middle school students
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81773554)
作者单位
张慧敏 南京医科大学公共卫生学院江苏 南京 211166上海市凌云社区卫生服务中心上海 210000 
李月红 上海市凌云社区卫生服务中心上海 210000 
娄冬华 南京医科大学公共卫生学院江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:研究与中学生视力及屈光不良有关的生活习惯行为危险因素,为学生近视防控工作提供依据。方法:采用整群抽样方式,抽取辖区两所中学纳入调查,共调查了1 430例学生,进行视力和屈光检测及问卷调查,根据视力和电脑验光的检查结果来分析影响上海徐汇区中学生视力不良的相关危险行为。结果:上海徐汇区中学生的视力不良检出率为84.0%,轻度视力不良6.8%,中度视力不良22.0%,重度视力不良55.2%。屈光球镜值异常检出率82.7%,轻度近视48.0%,中重度近视34.7%。屈光柱镜值(散光)异常检出率82.2%,其中低度散光51.2%,高度散光31.0%。经过卡方检验和有序Logistic 回归分析视力检查结果和电脑验光检查结果的影响因素不完全一致。单因素分析中,教室开灯、父母近视、性别、年级、睡眠时间、1周喝含糖饮料、每天坐着的时间、因学习减少运动时间、籍贯、每天吃鸡蛋数,近距离用眼多长时间休息、近1年生病休假、在家看书用灯、课间休息场所、走路看书或者电子屏幕、阳光直射看书或者看电子屏幕是视力不良的影响因素。多因素分析中,性别、年级、每天吃蔬菜次数、教室灯、每周体育课、父母近视、籍贯、民族、课间休息场所是视力不良的影响因素。结论:上海市徐汇区中学生视力不良及屈光不正检出率高,学生的生活习惯及某些用眼习惯可能是学生屈光不正的影响因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective:This study aims to study the risk factors of living habits and behaviors related to poor eyesight and refractive index in middle school students,so as to provide evidence for the prevention and control of myopia. Methods:A total of 1 430 students were investigated by cluster sampling from two schools in the district. Visual acuity and refractive examination and questionnaire survey were conducted. According to the results of visual acuity examination and computer optometry examination,the risk behaviors affecting poor visual acuity of middle school students in Xuhui district of Shanghai were analyzed. Results:The detection rate of visual acuity impairment in Xuhui district was 84.0%. Mild visual acuity impairment was 6.8%,moderate visual acuity impairment was 22.0%,and severe visual acuity impairment was 55.2%. The abnormal detection rate of refractive spherical mirror value was 82.7%,mild myopia was 48.0%,moderate myopia was 31.7%,and severe myopia was 3.0%. The detection rate of refraction(astigmatism) was 82.2%,including 51.2% low astigmatism and 31.0% high astigmatism. After chi?square test and logistic regression analysis,the influencing factors of visual acuity examination results were not completely consistent with the results of computerized optometry. After one?way factor analysis,lights in the classroom,parental myopia,gender,grade,sleep time,sweet drinks in a week,sitting time in a day,exercise time reduced,native place,eating egg per day,time of close eyes,reading with lamp,rest area,reading book or looking electronic screens in walking,and reading book or looking electronic screens in the sun are influence factors. After the multi?factor analysis,gender,grade,frequency of eating vegetables every day,classroom light,PE classes a week,parental myopia,native place,nationality,and the rest area are the influencing factors. Conclusion:There is poor visual acuity and high detection rate of ametropia among middle school students in Xuhui district of Shanghai,which may be influenced by their living habits.
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