文章摘要
王妍妍.银屑病与湿疹患者生活质量和经济负担的比较[J].南京医科大学学报,2013,(1):36~42
银屑病与湿疹患者生活质量和经济负担的比较
On the quality of life and economic burden of psoriasis and eczema patients
投稿时间:2012-10-17  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20130110
中文关键词: 银屑病  湿疹  生活质量  疾病经济负担
英文关键词: psoriasis  eczema  quality of life  economic burden
基金项目:江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)
作者单位
王妍妍 南京医科大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:比较银屑病和湿疹患者的一般情况?生活质量和疾病经济负担?方法:采用现况调查的方法,联合应用自行设计的患者一般情况调查表?SF-36和Skindex-29量表,对2011年6月~2012年3月在中国医学科学院皮肤病医院就诊的门诊和住院198例银屑病患者,和同时期在同医院就诊的117例湿疹患者进行问卷调查?结果:①共回收313份有效问卷,其中银屑病196例,男女比例为1.88∶1,湿疹117例,男女比例为1.25∶1,对吸烟?酗酒?睡眠影响?饮食受限?自杀倾向等社会行为进行比较,发现银屑病患者在吸烟?睡
英文摘要:
      Objective:To compare disease characteristics,quality of life and economic burden between patients with psoriasis and eczema. Methods:Total 198 patients with psoriasis and 117 patients of eczema were selected for questionnaire survey using SF-36 scale and Skindex-29 scale in Dermatology Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from June 2011 to March 2012. Results:①A total of 313 questionnaires were valid,of which 196 cases were psoriasis with the male to female ratio is 1.88∶1,and 117 cases in the control group with male to female ratio is 1.25∶1. Psoriasis was compared with eczema in terms of the social behavior,such as smoking,drinking,sleeping,diet limitation,suicide tendency,et al. And we found that psoriasis had a higher percentage than eczema in smoking,sleeping,and suicidal tendency (P < 0.01).②Comparing the quality of life between patients with psoriasis and eczema by SF-36 and Skindex-29 scales,we found that patients with psoriasis had a lower quality of life than patients with eczema (P < 0.01).③The economic burden of psoriasis is more serious than that of the control group. Conclusion:The results of psoriasis and eczema were generally similar to the previous studies. However,psoriasis had a significantly higher proportion of smoking,drinking,suicidal tendencies. Although psoriasis and eczema were both skin diseases,the psoriasis had a much lower quality of life than the eczema,health workers should pay much attention to the quality of life of patients with psoriasis when in diagnosis and treatment. The economic burden of psoriasis was more severe than that of eczema. Therefore,health policy-making department should pay much more attention to psoriasis with severe economic burden.
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